When I was a student, even the best-mannered kid lived in fear of receiving an all-too-common reprimand – Justice Under God, or more affectionately known as JUG. A student would receive JUG’s for a variety of reasons ranging from being out of uniform to being disrespectful to a teacher or another student to arriving late to school or class – basically anything that didn’t jive with the rules. This form of discipline is prescriptivist and very “letter of the law.” After living and learning in an environment such as this for four years, my relationship with rules and laws was rife with angst and disdain. Given an option between a good and bad choice, it seemed that I was expected to make the bad one. I emerged from high school with a moral decision making process that first looked at the results of my actions rather than whether the actions themselves were just.
A Change of Heart
My perspective on discipline has since shifted in a very healthy and life giving way as a result of two experiences. The first is taking a course with Hosffman Ospino in which we learned about Don Bosco and his philosophy on discipline. While he would not advocate a free pass for anyone, Don Bosco worked tirelessly to institute a system of discipline in which bad, incorrect, or harmful choices were met with love and conversation in place of vengeance and lex talionis. If you were late to school or stole something from the bread line or cheated off of a classmate or disrespected a peer/teacher, it was not assumed that you were acting in spite or defiance; rather it was assumed that there was something more insidious happening in your life and you needed to process it. This course has been monumental in how I approach discipline because it demonstrated to me that discipline can be founded in love and not fear.
The second experience that cemented my philosophy on discipline is my work at a school with an Honor Code. I currently teach at an all girl school academy where there are no detentions, no demerits, no infractions, and no JUG’s. Instead, we have an Honor Code. Our Honor Code, which emerged mid-century, is a product of dialogue between students and faculty members. The Honor Code presumes an intense level of trust between the student and adult. I cannot tell you the number of times I have given a student a test to take in the library by herself or when I’ve left my classroom to make copies while assessments are out. It’s an unspoken bond that our students will live by their Honor so we can afford them such luxuries. In fact, whenever asked what is their favorite thing about school, it is guaranteed that more than a handful will rattle off the Honor Code, or some iteration of it.
The Honor Code Where I Teach
The Honor code strives to create an open environment in which we gift responsible freedom to our students so that they can implement and live out Christian values in their lives. It aims to develop the whole person and roots itself in integrity and respect for all. It prioritizes accountability for one’s actions (staff and students like), and it requires that you develop the skill of self-discipline. As a result, each member of the community cultivates a self-awareness, especially in regard to how their actions affect the community.
While I am a personal advocate for an Honor Code, there are some shortcomings. In my estimation, I would say that the Honor Code is effective about 85% of the time. For the most part, our students treat teachers with the utmost respect, greet each other with kind words, and actively love each other and the members of the community. At the same time, though, kids still make racially charged remarks and commit microaggressions against our few students of color; bullying is rampant in the middle school; the use of alcohol, tobaccos products, and other drugs is still a concern. However, I think anyone would be hard pressed to find a place where none of these issues existed when you are dealing with 12 to 18 year old humans. While the Honor Code holds our students to a high standard, it also recognizes that they are still teenagers, and with being teenagers comes some stupid choices.
Theology Supporting an Honor Code
An Honor Code system of discipline makes a strong anthropological claim about the dignity of our students. It assumes their inherent goodness and reaffirms that they are made imago dei. It also assumes that they are capable of conversion – when a student breaks the honor code, there is a dialogue between student and adult; we remind her of her goodness and push her to act in accordance with it.
In place of rooting discipline in fear, anger, and negativity, we root it in trust and relationship. We wish to accompany our students as they grow and learn. Wedding discipline to fear and “justice under God” makes some anthropological statements about me and my actions: I am bad, I am ugly, I am unworthy. In my opinion, a discipline system rooted in fear can lend itself to a self-fulfilling prophecy. “I’m having a really bad day and I really don’t like this kid so instead of working through my beef with him, I am going to hit him and curse at him.” In this “JUG” mentality, there is a calculated risk – do something bad, you know the consequence.
An honor code is much scarier: you will be pushed to live by your honor and forced to humanize others. You are called to act justly, regardless of how others are going to; there is no control for others’ behavior. Using an honor code humbles the student – as she is not in control – and also introduces shame and guilt. I feel ashamed that I broke the honor code because I disappointed a teacher, a coach, an administrator, and what’s worse – I broke their trust; I feel ashamed because I acted in a way that was contrary to my inherent goodness and the goodness of others; I feel ashamed because I could have acted more maturely and more justly, but instead my relationships suffered. To me, the Honor Code closely mirrors the sacrament of reconciliation. With the Honor Code we are confronted by our previous actions and are cajoled into repairing the brokenness we’ve caused.
The Honor Code is so appealing to me because it presumes our human nature – it asks us to to live the spirit of the law to the best of our abilities, knowing that at times we will stumble. But the key thing here is that while God gave us freedom and humans subsequently have fallen and endured the consequences, God will always proffer the grace to try to learn from our past mistakes and grow from them. It is this cycle of free will established in Genesis that gives me hope when disciplining my students. The Honor Code presupposes that students will falter – no one is perfect. But the Honor Code also presumes that the student will grow from her mistakes and thrive. Each student, then, is not the sum of her actions, but rather how she grows from them.
Kevin DeCusatis teaches 7th grade and sophomore religion outside of Philadelphia.